شمس الدين محمد بن أبي بكر بن أيوب ،ابن القيم الجوزية ابن القيم
He is Muhammad Ibn Abi Bakr (محمد بن أبي بکر), son of Ayyoub, son of Sa'd al-Zar'i, al-Dimashqi (الدمشقي), patronymed as Abu Abdullah Shamsu-Deen (أبو عبد الله شمس الدین), and known as Ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawziyyah, named after his father who was an attendant (qayyim) at a local school named Al-Jawziyya.
Ibn al-Qayyim (1292-1350CE / 691 AH- 751 AH) was a famous Islamic jurist, commentator on the Qur'an, astronomer, chemist, philosopher, psychologist, scientist and theologian. Although he is commonly referred to as "the scholar of the heart," given his extensive works pertaining to human behavior and ethics,Ibn al-Qaayim's scholarship focused in the sciences of Hadith and Fiqh.
Ibn al-Qayyim's teachers included his father, Abu Bakr, Shihaab al-'Abir, Taqiyyud-Deen Sulaymaan, Safiyyud-Deen al-Hindee, Ismaa'eel Ibn Muhammad al-Harraanee. However, the most notable of his teachers was Shaykhul-lslaam Ibn Taymiyyah, whom he accompanied and studied under for sixteen years.
In eulogizing Ibn al-Qayyim, Al-Haafidh Ibn Kathir stated:
“ He attained great proficiency in many branches of knowledge; particularly knowledge of tafsir, hadith, and usool. When Shaykh Taqiyyud-Deen Ibn Taymiyyah returned from Egypt in the year 712H (c. 1312), he stayed with the Shaykh until he died; learning a great deal of knowledge from him, along with the knowledge that he had already occupied himself in attaining. So he became a single Scholar in many branches of knowledge.
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